The fish comes to the shore
This autumn, Russian coastal fish processing seems to be gaining a second wind. The first, however, was back in Soviet times, but better late than never. Modern fish processing plants have already started working in several regions of our country, or a decision has been made to build them. It cannot be said that this was an instant reaction to the adoption of the Law on Investment Quotas. Most likely, this indicates an understanding of the processes that are currently taking place in the fishing industry and in the economy of the country as a whole.
A fish processing plant for 1 billion rubles will be built in the Tver region under an agreement between the regional government and a large fishing company “Preobrazhenskaya Trawl Fleet Base”. The investment project provides for the construction of a fish processing plant and a warehouse distribution complex equipped with modern refrigeration equipment.
The project is scheduled to be implemented by 2019.
The new enterprise will produce various culinary products, fish preserves and other products. The economic effect of the establishment of the plant is about 150-200 new jobs, as well as about 50 thousand tons of fish products during the year. It is assumed that about a quarter of the products of the Preobrazhenskaya Trawl Fleet Base will be delivered for processing to the Tver region. This will be a good example for other regions of Central Russia, showing that it is possible to effectively develop fish processing even where there is no direct access to the sea.
Rosrybolovstvo has launched a program to save the Baikal omul. In 2017, about 125 million pieces of juveniles of this delicacy species, which has become endangered, will be released into Lake Baikal. In 2016, the production of omul amounted to only 1 million pieces of juveniles, and in 2015 it was actually not produced at all. The population began to decline rapidly.In 2015, 536 tons of omul were mined directly in Lake Baikal, which is almost half as much as in 2013.
In 2017, funding for the reproduction of this species will increase to 23 million rubles. The main task now is the accelerated modernization of three factories for the production of omul: Selenginsky, Barguzinsky and Bolsherechensky, which are in frankly deplorable condition. In the spring of 2016, the Selenginsky and Barguzinsky plants were transferred to the management of the Federal State Budgetary Institution “Baikalrybvod”, subordinate to Rosrybolovstvo. In order to save the third plant of the enterprise, Bolsherechensky, the most important from the point of view of reproductive potential, the issue of its transfer to the jurisdiction of Rosrybolovstvo is now being worked out jointly with the Federal Property Management Agency. It is expected that this will happen before the end of 2016.
All three plants are in need of large-scale reconstruction: it is necessary to modernize technological equipment, water supply and heating systems, power grids, and purchase life-saving equipment. Measures to restore the omul plants are provided within the framework of the federal target program “Protection of Lake Baikal and socio-economic development of the Baikal natural Territory for 2012-2020”.
The new fish processing complex “Polar Sea +” was opened by the Governor of the Murmansk region Marina Kovtun and the head of Rosrybolovstvo Ilya Shestakov. The factory has a total area of 55,000 sq. m. m is located on the shore of the Kola Bay. It was built in just two years: the implementation of the investment project began in 2014. In the village of Minkino, an enterprise was acquired, which had been in a mothballed state for five years. Large-scale repairs were carried out, the fish processing plant was redeveloped for new production lines, communications were replaced, the bottom was cleaned in the berth area, the berth area was expanded to 94 meters for unloading catches from ships in the immediate vicinity of production, equipment was installed, as well as personnel training.
“Such high—tech projects fully comply with the new strategy for the development of the fisheries complex, an important part of which is the revival of coastal fishing, fleet renewal and the construction of fish processing factories in the coastal regions,” Ilya Shestakov said.
The volume of investments in the implementation of the project to create the largest fish processing complex in the Murmansk region amounted to about 1.4 billion rubles.
“This shows that fishermen can not only efficiently extract aquatic biological resources, but also invest in onshore processing, creating infrastructure, regional product and new jobs,” Marina Kovtun said.
The production includes a full technological cycle from the extraction of cod, haddock, halibut, sea bass, mackerel and other species using our own modernized vessels that allow us to produce fish products with a high degree of processing at sea, to its storage and sale to retail chains.
The uniqueness of this project is due to the use of innovative technology superchilling, or supercooling, developed in Iceland. It is based on deep and rapid cooling of raw materials to a temperature close to cryoscopic, that is, to the temperature of the beginning of freezing of tissue juice in the body of the fish. In the future, this temperature is maintained at all stages of the production and trading process, up to the counter in the store. The design capacity of the factory is up to 12 thousand tons of finished fish products per year. The volume of freezing reaches 40 tons of fish per day. The warehouse is designed for one-time storage of 1000 tons of raw materials and finished products.
The Ostrovnoy Fish Processing Plant, which became famous after a direct line with the president of Russia, will be radically modernized and will become a modern waste-free production, producing products of a high degree of processing, as well as fish meal and fish oil, with a turnover of marketable products up to 1.5 billion rubles per year. In fact, it will be a new enterprise that will employ up to 100 people from among the local population. Rosrybolovstvo and the government of the Sakhalin Region are taking part in the project to save the plant. By the way, it is now called “Island” in a different way: “Kuril universal Complex”.
The renewed sardine and mackerel fishing should help the new complex, which will make it possible to maximize the production capacity. Rosrybolovstvo will assist the company in organizing the sale of fish products, mainly canned food, on the domestic market and conducting scientific research to assess the reserves of aquatic biological resources in the South Kuril zone to allocate additional fishing volumes. By the end of this year, the plant will receive at least 7000 tons of raw materials. The government of the Sakhalin region promised the company state support in terms of subsidizing the interest rate on loans and reimbursement of costs for the production of canned food and electricity.
But this is just the beginning. It is necessary to reconstruct the berthing complex, modernize the canning shop and the line for freezing fish products with a production volume of up to 100 tons per day.In addition, the production of products with a high degree of processing, as well as fish meal and fish oil, will be organized, the modernization of the warehouse and refrigeration facilities designed for one-time storage of up to 5,000 tons of products will be carried out. In addition, the Kuril Universal Complex should purchase three fishing vessels to provide the combine with raw materials — saury, mackerel and sardine ivasi — and organize the production of mariculture using modern technologies.
In the Kaliningrad region, in the city of Pionerskiy, a new fish processing complex will start operating, which includes warehouses, a refrigerator, a fish cannery and a canned shop. The capacity of the refrigerator reaches 2500 tons of frozen fish products, the volume of processing of the canned food shop is about 200 tons per month, the production capacity of the fish canning shop is up to 4 million cans per month. Now the work has reached the final stage, production facilities have been put into operation, a refrigerator has been launched, equipment is being installed.
It is planned to use both oceanic fish and local raw materials, and deliver finished products not only in the region, but also to other regions of the country, as well as for export. It should be noted that in the Kaliningrad region, in the city of Svetloy, two years ago, a complex was put into operation that combined a base for fishing vessels, fish processing workshops and premises for storing fish products. It is designed for processing up to 250 tons of fish per day and one-time storage of up to 5,500 tons of finished products. And not far from Svetly, in the village of Vzmorye, a fish processing enterprise was created with a freezing shop with a capacity of up to 120 tons per day and a warehouse for one-time storage of up to 1,500 tons of frozen fish products.